Lyonel Feininger was born on July 17, 1871 in New York. In 1887 Feininger came to Germany and began the study of art in Hamburg and Berlin, later also in Paris. In the following years Feininger worked as a caricaturist and, by the turn of the century, had become one of the best-known illustrators in Germany. Feininger turned to painting in 1907 and, under the influence of Picasso and Delaunay, developed after the year 1911 his own typical style which is characterized by a prismatic rendering of the picture space. Feininger stood in close proximity to the artists of the Blue Rider and was associated with the Bauhaus from 1919 to 1932. Between the years 1918 and 1920 he created the majority of his woodcuts, works through which Feininger established himself as one of the most important woodcut artists of the 20th century. His preferred motifs include villages in the countryside around Weimar as well as seascapes along the Baltic coast. Defamed by the National Socialists, Feininger returned to the United States in 1937 where he died on January 13, 1956 in New York.